3 Tableaux Inspired by the Film Last Year at Marienbad (Video)
Mikael Askergren © 1996
tableau (Fre. tableau vivant, “living picture”) living persons, silent and motionless, depicting a historic event, a well-known painting or suchlike on a stage in front of an audience, or as a party game.
Just as, with the passing of time, manor houses and castles have ceased to operate as machines for the exercise of power and have instead been reduced to picturesque excursion scenes, so the inner city architectural manifestations of the post-war era are becoming less and less important for the way in which we actually live our lives (as the city as a whole is becoming less and less important; no service or sensation is exclusive to the traditional city any more). We can begin to allow ourselves a complete indifference to them (to the architectural manifestations of the post-war era), but we can also choose to make them a subject of private purposes and personal pleasures, of autocratic estheticizing — like when at play:
The short film
The film Last Year at Marienbad (original French title: L’Année dernière à Marienbad) was scripted by Alain Robbe-Grillet and directed by Alain Resnais (France/Italy 1961). The scriptwriter has to be mentioned in the same breath as the director, because the tiniest detail, every cut and every dolly shot is specified in Robbe-Grillet’s ciné-roman of the same year.
In the original, neither the camera nor the characters ever leave the palace/luxury hotel or the palace grounds in which the film is set. A world outside this delimited paradise/inferno simply does not exist. Sergels torg (the whole of the modern project, come to that) is just as delimited and essentially separated from what we recognize as “life” or “urbanity” as the palaces and castles of past centuries ever were. Thus, staging a remake of the film in Sergels torg, right in the heart of the post-war centre of Stockholm, and not, as might be expected, in a palace setting, makes perfect sense:
The post-war centre of Stockholm constitutes a Gesamtkunstwerk as thoroughly composed and aristocratically self-sufficient as a Versailles or a Blenheim Palace. It has repeatedly been called a “chaotic” space, a space “without form.” Not that there is necessarily anything wrong with a space “having no form,” it’s just that nothing could be further from the truth. Sergels torg — and this escapes present day architects and critics — is an exercise in anti-classicist, anti-monumentalizing, anti-pythagorean, “democratic” form (in those days some forms were thought to be more “democratic” than others — but that’s another essay).
Sergels torg (a sunken plaza and an underground shopping arcade for pedestrians with a large traffic roundabout/fountain and crystal obelisk on top) was consciously and intentionally designed to avoid traditional classicist attributes or qualities:
There is no axis of symmetry, there is no single point or vista from which the entire composition can be all at once perceived and experienced. The vast open space is irregularly shaped instead of, say, rectangular. Typical features of classicist facades, such as triangles and curves (pediments and arches), are never seen in elevation — but everywhere (!) in plan, and always with an anti-classicist twist: there are no triangular pediments on the facades, but there are triangles all over the floor of the pedestrian sunken plaza and shopping arcade. These triangles are however not symmetrical and “resting,” as in classicist art, but pointed and “dynamic.” There are no curved masonry arches on the facades, but the street plan consists in its entirety of curves, such as the curved “balcony” of the street viaduct which draws a sweeping curve through the air above the sunken arcade and plaza. None of the curves in the street plan are, however, segments of a circle. The traffic roundabout/fountain is not even oval or elliptical, but super elliptical. There is no super ellipse in classicist art.
(Note. The roundabout was designed by the super ellipse’s Danish inventor Piet Hein. This means there is an example of recent Danish cultural imperialism in the very heart of the Swedish capital. Denmark, incidently, is a former arch-enemy through centuries of wars.)
Sergels torg is not a space without form. On the contrary, it is a space of formal discipline and rigidness, like palace gardens of the past. Sergels torg is a (100% mineral) parc à l’anglaise, complete with secretive grotto and the echoing emptiness of an echo-temple of culture (this refers to the cultural void of Kulturhuset, the city of Stockholm cultural centre in Sergels torg).
To many people it is a “dead” urban space. Be this as it may. The dead city centre — like the dead societies once manifested by palaces and manor houses — will with time prove not to be devoid of the picturesque charms which we are always so eager to project onto the physical manifestations of long-dead, rendered harmless and neutralized idealism (onto the architecture of oppression, such as manor houses and palaces). In other words, it is the perfect setting for a remake of L’Année dernière à Marienbad.
The color pictures in
Tableau 1. Interior. On in-line skates through the Klara Tunnel (in slow motion); a pastiche of the very slow and endless walks and tracking shots in the corridors and interiors of the palace/hotel which are a constantly recurring feature of L’Année dernière. The Klara Tunnel is a road tunnel passing underneath Sergels torg. Photo: Hans-Åke Lerin.
Tableau 2. Exterior. Filmed outdoors, but under cover, in the Sergel Arcade, which can be termed a kind of late-modern grotto. Photo: Benny Wilhelmson. This tableau of course is a pastiche of the best-known sequence of L’Année dernière, the one with a number of completely motionless human figures in the formal garden of the palace grounds. There is something mystical, surrealist about that particular image. Perhaps not the first or second time one sees the film, but eventually it occurs to one why (see film still at top of this document): the motionless figures in the park cast shadows — however the statues and trees do not! In his screenplay (published in book form) Robbe-Grillet specifies the shadows of the figures in the park to be fake shadows, painted on the ground.
Tableau 3. Exterior. A pastiche of the peculiar sequence, lasting for barely a minute, in which a woman (Delphine Seyrig) stands by a stone balustrade from which she has a view out over the palace grounds and she goes through a series of four poses, one after another, in absolute silence. She changes position roughly every ten seconds. I tried to imitate the poses as exactly as possible and to change position at the same intervals as she does. Filmed from the Malmskillnadsgatan viaduct over Hamngatan, with a view over the super elliptical traffic roundabout/fountain and crystal obelisk. Photo: Benny Wilhelmson.
The predictions of the text above in 1996 are being confirmed every day. For instance, just recently (November 1997) the latest single of American recording artist Moby called James Bond Theme (Moby’s Re-Version) has been released in connection with the opening of the latest James Bond movie, Tomorrow Never Dies. The video that goes with the music was filmed in Stockholm, in and around Sergels torg with its super elliptic fountain — an urban space which in the playful video, directed by Jonas Åkerlund, does not come across as tragic. On the contrary. It is used as backdrop to a visual adventure.
The essay above by Mikael Askergren was written in English for the Swedish review of architecture MaMA (Magasin för Modern Arkitektur), Stockholm, Sweden,
More pics from Sergels torg/more about Sergels torg:
James Bond i Stockholm
Tallar på Sergels torg